Honshu is the largest island of Japan and is also referred to as the mainland or main island. It includes the largest cities of Japan including Tokyo, Kyoto and Osaka. Honshu is the seventh-largest island in the world, and the second-most populous after the Indonesian island of Java.
The climate of Honshu has a wide range from the north with its snowy winters to the subtropical south. Agriculture is varied; rice, other grains, cotton, fruits, and vegetables are grown. The bulk of Japan’s tea and silk comes from Honshu. The population is concentrated in lowland areas.
Most of Japan’s great ports are on Honshu. Kyoto, formerly the capital of Japan, is an ancient seat of culture and also the chief handicraft center of Honshu. Electronics, metallurgical, chemical, and textile industries are very important on the island, although the larger cities have diverse industries. Japan has steadily increased the number of bridges and tunnels connecting Honshu with its other islands.